tariffs

Retail Pricing in Colombia to Support the Efficient Deployment of Distributed Generation and Electric Vehicles

Electricity tariff reforms will be an essential part of the clean energy transition. Existing tariffs rely on average cost pricing and often set a price per unit that exceeds marginal cost. The higher price encourages over-adoption of residential …

Why are Connection Charges so High? An Analysis of the Electricity Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa

This study develops and structurally estimates a model of household and electric utility behavior to describe how the low access rates and high connection charges that are common in the Sub-Saharan Africa region arise from regulated electricity …

Price Perception and Electricity Demand with Nonlinear Tariffs

Increasing block tariffs for electricity and water provide a subsidy for low users and a conservation incentive for high users. However, their effectiveness may depend on both how well consumers understand the nonlinear structure and how attentive …

Efficiency and Equity Effects of Electricity Metering

Many households lack meters to measure their electricity or water consumption. I show that provision of electricity meters leads to a large reduction in electricity consumption over the first four months following meter installation. This is …

Infrastructure Quality and the Subsidy Trap

Electricity and water are often subsidized in developing countries to increase their affordability for low-income households. Ideally, such subsidies would create sufficient demand in poor neighborhoods to encourage private investment in their …